General Dentistry

Alongside our range of cosmetic dental treatments, we also offer a range of general and preventative dental procedures to help keep your teeth and gums healthy. Our aim is to help you regain and maintain an optimal level of oral health, making the most of your natural smile and improving your confidence.

 

Our range of general dental treatments are listed below to help you get a better understanding the procedures.

 

Deep Cleaning

 

Our deep cleaning treatments are performed by our hygienist, and are used to remove any build up of plaque and harmful bacteria from your teeth. This treatment will leave your mouth feeling fresh and your teeth spotlessly clean.

 

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Periodontal Cleaning

 

One of the keys to maintaining good oral health is avoiding periodontal disease, so it’s important to have a routine cleaning to clear up the plaque and solidified tartar which can harbour the infection. Periodontal cleaning helps remove this build up and reduces your risk of infection.

 

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Fillings

 

Early tooth decay can cause damage to the tooth enamel and dentin, and fillings are required to help repair the tooth. We remove the decayed part of the tooth and fill the area with a white filling, helping repair the damage and restore the look and feel of your natural tooth.

 

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Root Canal Treatment

 

When the core of a tooth is diseased and is likely to cause an infection, root canal treatment is required to remove it. Our team will remove the diseased core and replace it  with a shielding cap, helping avoid the need for extraction and removing the risk of infection.

 

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Broken Teeth

 

Broken teeth present a risk of infection, and will generally need to be removed to avoid spreading it. The course of treatment we recommend will depend on the severity of the damage, but we have a number of treatments available to repair or replace broken teeth.

 

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Screening for Oral Cancer

 

Oral cancer is one of the most frequently reported cancers, with incidences of the disease having increased 25% over the last decade. Early detection is the key to avoiding serious complications, with around 90% of cases of early detection and treatment being cured. Late diagnosis and treatment means these figures drop to 50%, so it’s important to have a check up if you experience:

 

  • Unexplained bleeding in your mouth
  • Issues with moving your tongue or swallowing
  • Red or white patches developing in the mouth, gums or lips
  • Pain in your ears
  • Issues with the way your jaws or teeth fit together

 

We have an experienced team and the latest detection technology to help us detect and diagnose any potential signs of oral cancer you may be experiencing. If you suspect you may have any of the symptoms please get in touch for an appointment.

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Why Is Brushing Your Teeth Important?

 

Regularly brushing your teeth is an important part of a good dental hygiene routine, which is key to avoiding the infections which lead to periodontal disease and gingivitis. Brushing twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste will help prevent plaque bacteria forming on the teeth and gums. The bacteria in plaque can lead to tooth decay and gum disease, so it’s vital to brush your teeth regularly to maintain good oral health.

 

How Does Tooth Decay Occur?

 

When you eat foods containing sugar or starch they turn to acids, which can gradually begin eroding your teeth. This process can last for around 20 minutes after you eat or drink these kinds of foods, gradually destroying the enamel on your teeth and encouraging bacteria to spread.

 

How Does Plaque Cause Gum Disease?

 

If plaque is allowed to accumulate on the teeth, tartar will start to appear. Tartar is far more challenging to remove from the teeth than plaque, and it can cause infection and swelling of the gums if it’s allowed to accumulate along the gumline. The risk of infection is also increased as small pockets begin to appear around the gums, so it’s crucial that gum disease is treated promptly to prevent any potential long term problems.

 

How Can You Prevent Gum Disease?

 

The key to reducing the risk of gum disease is to maintain a high standard of dental hygiene and brushing your teeth on a regular basis to prevent plaque from building up. Other core aspects of a good oral hygiene routine are regular flossing and interdental cleaning. This process, coupled with regular visits to a dental hygienist for deep cleaning, are the keys to maintaining a high standard of oral health.

 

How Can You Identify Gum Disease Early?

 

The early stages of gum disease can cause your gums to look red and swollen, and can often bleed when you’re brushing your teeth. If you notice regular bleeding during brushing, continue brushing your teeth and gums with less pressure and book an appointment to have the issue investigated.

 

What Toothbrush Is Best to Use?

 

Different brushes are recommended for adults and children. Adults should choose a brush with soft to medium bristles, ideally with a smaller head to allow you to clean hard to reach areas effectively. Children should have a smaller brush, again with soft to medium bristles.

 

How Often Should You Change Your Toothbrush?

 

It’s important that the head of the toothbrush is in good condition to be effective at removing plaque from the teeth and gums, so changing your toothbrush every two or three months is strongly recommended. This will help you to reduce the levels of plaque and lower your risk of gum disease.

 

What Brushing Techniques Should Be Used?

 

While it’s important to clean your entire mouth thoroughly to remove any plaque or particles of food, pay particular attention to the back of the mouth and the rear of your teeth. You should aim to brush with a circular motion, with the brush angled at 45 degrees towards the gums. Brushing the tongue is also recommended to help remove bacteria and maintain fresh breath.

 

 What Should a Brushing Routine Involve?

 

Ideally we recommend that you clean your teeth twice a day, once in the morning and before you go to bed. This would involve 3 minutes of cleaning with a manual brush, followed by 2 minutes with an electric toothbrush. If you notice any issues during brushing, including bleeding or other irritation, please contact your dentist and schedule an appointment.

Keeping your teeth clean and healthy is vital in the prevention of gum disease and to maintain a good standard of oral hygiene. The key to a healthy mouth is a solid cleaning routine which is used consistently to remove plaque and harmful bacteria from the mouth. While regular brushing should be the core of this routine, it’s often not enough to completely clean the teeth.

 

How Can You Clean Between Your Teeth?

 

Brushing your teeth twice a day should remove the majority of plaque and food from your teeth, but it’s challenging to clean between the teeth with brushing alone. Regularly using dental floss can help remove the remaining plaque and food debris, helping prevent plaque build up, tooth decay and bad breath.

 

How Should Floss Be Used?

 

A section of floss around 18 inches should be used for either the top or bottom row of teeth, with a small section designated for each space between your teeth. The floss should be held between the thumb and index finger on both hands, with a bridge of floss around an inch between them.

 

The floss should be placed in the gap between the tooth, and a gentle ‘in and out’ motion should be used to move the floss around the space and the gumline.  Try not to use too much force, and do not force the floss into the gum. Try to create a routine for flossing, working from the back at one side and moving across to the other. This will ensure a thorough clean and will avoid any gaps being missed.

 

Are Bleeding Gums Common During Flossing?

 

It’s not uncommon to experience some bleeding of the gums during the first few flossing sessions. After this initial bleeding it should subside as the gums become more resilient and the original build up of plaque is removed. If you continue to experience bleeding on a regular basis you should schedule an appointment to investigate any other potential causes.

 

What Should You Do If Flossing is Difficult?

 

While flossing is an effective way of cleaning between the teeth, some people do find the process challenging. There are a number of alternatives available, such as interdental brushes, which perform a similar function. We can schedule an appointment with our hygienist to discuss your options if you find regular flossing to be too challenging.

Why Is Cleaning Between Your Teeth Important?

 

Regularly brushing your teeth will remove the majority of the material built up on your teeth, however food and other debris can easily get caught in the gaps in between. Failing to remove this build up can cause increased levels of plaque and can lead to gum disease and other oral health issues.

 

Brushing and regular flossing will help remove the vast majority of this build up, and regular visits with a dental hygienist will ensure your teeth remain healthy. Some people can struggle with flossing, and interdental brushes offer an easier solution to interproximal cleaning.

 

What Are The Benefits of Using Interdental Brushes?

 

Using interdental brushes or flossing are the best ways of removing any debris which has built up between the teeth, helping to prevent the formation of plaque and reducing the risk of gingivitis. An interdental brush uses a set of small, fine bristles to gently clean between the teeth, gradually removing the build up and giving you a cleaner, healthier mouth.

 

Are There Any Techniques Which Should Be Used?

 

It’s fairly common to use a range of slightly differently sized brushes, as the gaps between the teeth are rarely uniform in size. Generally speaking, the teeth at the front require a thinner brush while the teeth at the rear of the mouth require something thicker. It’s key to avoid forcing a brush into the gap, so start with a smaller brush and work your way up.

 

To clean the gap effectively, gently push the brush into the gap and use a slight twisting motion until the space has been cleaned. Most interdental brushes allow you to bend the brush to allow for a better clean. Brushes should only be used a few times before being replaced.

 

 How Often Should I Use Interdental Brushes?

 

Cleaning between your teeth should be a key part of your oral hygiene routine, and to avoid the accumulation of plaque we would suggest that you clean between your teeth several times each week, ideally every day if possible.

 

This is particularly true for those wearing orthodontic devices such as braces, as interdental brushes are effective at cleaning between brackets and wires. They can also be beneficial for those who have had dental implants fitted, as they can effectively clean around the crown and prevent any debris from infecting the implant root.

Why Should You Clean Your Tongue?

 

Tongue cleaning is an important part of a good oral hygiene routine, alongside regular brushing and interproximal cleaning. The tongue can act as a breeding ground for bacteria, and if it’s not regularly cleaned they can spread to the gums and cause various issues.

 

The build up of bacteria and debris can cause issues with bad breath, but it can also lead to issues with tooth decay and gum disease. It’s therefore vital that regular tongue cleaning is included with your dental hygiene routine.

 

How Should You Clean Your Tongue?

 

There are two main ways of cleaning your tongue – brushing and using a tongue scraper. Brushing is fairly straightforward and can be done as you’re brushing your teeth every day. Once you’ve cleaned your teeth, gently brush your tongue from the back towards the opening of the mouth. Once you’ve finished, rinse your mouth with water as normal.

 

A tongue scraper can be used for a more thorough clean, and is used to remove the thin layer of mucus and debris which builds up on the tongue. To clean your tongue effectively with a scraper, gently scrape from the rear of the tongue to the opening of the mouth, rinsing the scraper after each turn.

 

How Often Should You Clean Your Tongue?

 

Cleaning with your toothbrush is a straightforward process, so it’s something which should be done daily when you’re brushing your teeth. Using a scraper can be done several times a week, particularly if you’re regularly brushing your tongue as part of your hygiene routine.

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This page was last updated: April 14, 2016